The 19th century was the century lasting from January 1, 1801 to December 31, 1900. The 19th century saw the balance of power in the world shift from Qing China to Europe, particularly the United Kingdom, aided by the forces of industrialization. Towards the end of the century, the technological advantage of Europe over the rest of the world, combined with rising nationalism and a need for raw materials, led to the Scramble for Africa and the colonization of most of the rest of the world.

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