Albania is a small nation in the Balkans, in Southern Europe. Albania is one of the poorer nations of Europe, due to its isolation during the Cold War. Albania borders Greece to the southeast, Montenegro and Kosovo to the north, and Macedonia to the east. Albania's capital and largest city is Tirana. Most Albanians speak the Albanian language and practice Sunni Islam.
Albania was a part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Empire. Albania became an independent kingdom during the Middle Ages, but was later incorporated into the Ottoman Empire. Albania regained independence after the fall of the Ottomans and became a kingdom. Albania was captured by Fascist Italy during World War II.
After World War II, Albania was initially aligned with the Soviet Union. However, after the Sino-Soviet split they sided with China and became increasingly isolated. In the 1990s after the fall of communism, Albania went through political turmoil and multiple economic crashes.