Antisemitism or anti-Semitism is the policy of discrimination against the Jewish people. Although "Semitic" includes all of the Semitic peoples, antisemitism refers exclusively to anti-Jewish sentiment. The term was coined in Germany in the 19th century to give a more scientific name for the centuries-old concept of "Jew-hate". Antisemitism was pervasive in Europe and among Christians in general well into the 20th century, due to the perception that the Jews led to the death of Jesus of Nazareth. It notably manifested itself in the policies of Nazi Germany, particularly the Holocaust.