Bolivia is a nation in South America. Bolivia borders Paraguay to the east, Chile and Peru to the west, Brazil to the north, and Argentina to the south. Much of the nation is located on the Altiplano, a high-altitude plateau in the Andes. Its capital, La Paz, is the highest capital in the world at over 13,000 feet. Its largest city is Santa Cruz de la Sierra.
The Kingdom of Spain colonized Bolivia in the 1500s and 1600s. Bolivia's considerable silver deposits made the Spanish crown very rich. Bolivia gained independence in the early 1800s. It was named for Simón Bolívar. In the early 21st century, Evo Morales became the first indigenous person to head a South American nation. Bolivia's economy is based around mining and subsistence farming. Silver and copper are major exports of the nation, as are narcoctics. Bolivia is one of the poorest nations in South America.