Main article: Geography of Europe
Europe is separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains in Russia. The eastern part of Europe is largely flat, and in the north heavily forested. Southeastern Europe, or the Balkans, is mountainous. The Alps separate the Italian Peninsula from the rest of Europe, and the Pyrenees do the same for the Iberian Peninsula. The Scandinavian Peninsula in the north is mountainous and forested.
Europe includes the nations of Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the Vatican City.
Additionally, parts of Turkey, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are considered to be in Europe. However with the exception of Turkey these nations are not usually considered to be "European". Europe also contains the non-U.N. member Kosovo.