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The Russian Federation is composed of 83 federal subjects. These are categorized into 6 different types: oblasts, krais, republics, autonomous okrugs, autonomous oblasts, and federal cities. They are equal in federal representation but differ in their degree of autonomy.

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Each federal subject is one of the following types:

21 republics (Russianrespublika) — autonomous, each has its own constitution and legislature; is represented by the federal government in international affairs; is meant to be home to a specific ethnic minority.

krais (territories; Russiankray)—essentially the same as oblasts. The title "territory" is historic, originally given because they were once considered frontier regions.

46 oblasts (provinces; Russianoblast' ) — most common type of federal subjects with federally appointed governor and locally elected legislature. Commonly named after their administrative centers.

autonomous okrugs (autonomous districts; Russianavtonomnyy okrug) — with substantial or predominant ethnic minority.

federal cities (Russiangorod federal'nogo znacheniya) — major cities that function as separate regions.

autonomous oblast (autonomous province; Russianavtonomnaya oblast' )—the only autonomous oblast is the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.

Partial list (excludes some republics)Edit

Map No. Federal subject RussianCapital or administrative centerPopulation (est.)Type
1 Moscow Москва Moscow 11,900,000 Federal city
31 Saint Petersburg Санкт Петербург Saint Petersburg 5,000,000 Federal city
58 Novosibirsk Oblast Новосибирская область Novosibirsk 3,000,000 Oblast
52 Sverdlovsk Oblast Свердловксая область Yekaterinburg 4,500,000 Oblast
15 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Нижегородская область Nizhny Novgorod 3,000,000 Oblast
39 Samara Oblast Самарская область Samara 3,000,000 Oblast
57 Omsk Oblast Омская область Omsk 2,000,000 Oblast
38 Tatarstan Татарстан Kazan 4,000,000 Republic
51 Chelyabinsk Oblast Челябинская область Chelyabinsk 3,000,000 Oblast
41 Rostov Oblast Ростовская область Rostov-on-Don 4,000,000 Oblast
50 Bashkortostan Башкортостан Ufa 4,000,000 Republic
48 Volgograd Oblast Волгоградская областьVolgograd Oblast
36 Perm Krai Пермский КрайPerm 2,500,000 Krai
62 Krasnoyarsk Krai Красноярская областьKrasnoyarsk 2,800,000 Krai
22 Voronezh Oblast Воронежская областьVoronezh Oblast
23 Saratov Oblast Саратовская область Saratov Oblast
42 Krasnodar Krai Краснодарский Край Krasnodar 5,300,000 Krai
60 Altai Krai Алтайский Край Barnaul Krai
24 Ulyanovsk Oblast Ульяновксая область Ulyanovsk Oblast
72 Primorsky Krai Приморский Край Vladivostok2,000,000 Krai
37 Udmurt Republic Удмуртия Izhevsk Krai
66 Irkutsk Oblast Иркутская область Irkutsk Oblast
4 Yaroslavl Oblast Ярославская область Yaroslavl Oblast
56 Tyumen Oblast Тюменьская область Tyumen Oblast
46 Dagestan Дагестан Makhachkala Republic
73 Khabarovsk Krai Хабаровский Край Khabarovsk Krai
61 Kemerovo Oblast Кемеровская область Kemerovo Oblast
49 Orenburg Oblast Оренбургская область Orenburg Oblast
6 Ryazan Oblast Рязанская область Ryazan Oblast
59 Tomsk Oblast Томская область Tomsk Oblast
47 Astrakhan Oblast  Астраханская область Astrakhan Oblast
16 Penza Oblast Пензенская область Penza Oblast
18 Lipetsk Oblast Липецкая область Lipetsk Oblast
7 Tula Oblast Тульская область Tula Oblast
27 Kirov Oblast Кировская область Kirov Oblast
25 Chuvash Republic Чувашия Cheboksary Republic
30 Kaliningrad Oblast Калининградская область Kaliningrad Oblast
20 Bryansk Oblast Браянская область Bryansk Oblast
21 Kursk Oblast Курская область Kursk Oblast
14 Ivanovo Oblast Ивановская область Ivanovo Oblast
67 Buryatia Бурятия Ulan-Ude Republic
3 Tver Oblast Тверская область Tver Oblast
44 Stavropol Krai Ставропольский Край Stavropol Krai
40 Belgorod Oblast Белгородская область Belgorod Oblast
28 Arkhangelsk Oblast Архангельская область Arkhangelsk Oblast
10 Pskov Oblast Псковская область PskovOblast
68 Sakha Republic Саха Yakutsk 800,000Republic
11 Novgorod Oblast Новгородская область Veliky NovgorodOblast
32 Karelia Карелия PetrozavodskRepublic
33 Murmansk Oblast Мурманская область MurmanskOblast
76 Kamchatka Krai Камчатский Край Petropavlovsk-KamchatskyKrai
77 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Чукотский автономный округ AnadyrAutonomous okrug
71 Jewish Autonomous Oblast Еврейская автономная область BirobidzhanAutonomous oblast
75 Magadan Oblast Магаданская область MagadanOblast
74 Sakhalin Oblast Сахалинская область Yuzhno-SakhalinskOblast
29 Leningrad Oblast Ленинградская область Saint Petersburg 1,750,000Oblast
2 Moscow Oblast Московская область Moscow 7,000,000Oblast
65 Tyva Republic Република Тыва (Тува) KyzylRepublic
64 Altai Republic Республика Алтай Gorno-AltayskRepublic
35 Komi Republic Республика Коми SyktyvkarRepublic
43 Adygea АдыгеяRepublic
45 Chechen Republic Республика Чечня GroznyRepublic
70 Amur Oblast Амурская область BlagoveshchenskOblast
69 Zabaykalsky Krai Забайкальский Край ChitaKrai
34 Nenets Autonomous Okrug Ненецкий автономный округAutonomous okrug
5 Vladimir Oblast Владимирская область VladimirOblast
26 Mari-El Мари-эль Yoshkar OlaRepublic
13 Kostroma Oblast Костромская область KostromaOblast
12 Vologda Oblast Вологодская область VologdaOblast
63 Khakassia ХакасияAbakanRepublic
54 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Ямало-Ненецкий автономный округSalekhardAutonomous okrug
53 Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Ханты-Мансийский автономный округKhanty-MansiyskAutonomous okrug
9 Smolensk Oblast Смоленская область SmolenskOblast
8 Kaluga Oblast Калужская область KalugaOblast
19 Oryol Oblast Орловская область OryolOblast
17 Tambov Oblast Тамбовская область TambovOblast
55 Kurgan Oblast Курганская область KurganOblast

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