The French language is a Romance language originating from France. It was spread by the French colonial empire in the 19th and 20th centuries, and is still commonly taught in schools around the globe.
In Africa, French speakers are concentrated in West Africa. French is the language of business and government in Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger, although it is not often spoken by the indigenous peoples. French is also well understood in Algeria, Madagascar, and Djibouti.
Miscellaneous current and former French colonies scattered the globe also speak French. These include Quebec in Canada, Haiti, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Saint-Martin in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, French Polynesia and New Caledonia in the Pacific, and the Kerguelen Islands, Reunion, and Mayotte in the Indian Ocean.
French grammar is similar to that of other Romance languages. French is minimally inflected, having no grammatical case outside of pronouns. The endings of adjectives are changed based on the gender and number of the noun they describe.
Verbs are conjugated to three different persons, with each person having a singular and plural form. There are many tenses in French, including présent, passé composé, imparfait, plus-que-parfait, futur, futur antérieur, conditionnel, and conditionnel passé. French also has three moods: imperative, subjunctive, and indicative.