The United States is a nation in North America. It is the third largest nation in the world, after Canada and Russia.

General descriptionEdit

The East Coast of the United States is generally flat, with extensive wetlands. Farther inland, the Appalachian Mountains rise and the forests begin. The Great Plains stretch across large swaths of the central United States, and are generally flat and with minimal forestation. The Rocky Mountains and associated ranges separate the Great Plains from the West Coast. The Southwest is arid, and parts of it are considered a desert.


The tallest mountain in the United States is Denali in Alaska, rising to about 20,000 feet. In the contiguous United States, Mount Whitney in California is approximately 14,500 feet high. The Rocky Mountains run through Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Idaho, and New Mexico. The Grand Tetons are the newest portion of the range geologically. The Sierra Nevada runs down the spine of California. The Appalachian Mountains follow the course of the East Coast.


The longest river is the United States is the Mississippi River, which runs through the Great Plains. The tributaries of the Mississippi, including the Missouri River and the Ohio River, are also considerable.

The Columbia River is a major source of hydroelectric power in the northwest United States. It flows through Washington State and into British Columbia in Canada.

The Southwest also has many rivers. The Colorado River is famous for having carved the Grand Canyon. The Rio Grande forms much of the U.S.-Mexico border.

Bodies of waterEdit

The United States is bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. The southern coast of the United States is formed by the Gulf of Mexico.

The Great Lakes, consisting of Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Superior, Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie, are on the border of the United States and Canada. They are a major commercial avenue, with the major cities of Chicago, Cleveland, and Buffalo being on their shores.

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