Haiti is a nation on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. It shares a border with the Dominican Republic. Its capital and largest city is Port-au-Prince. French and Haitian Creole are widely spoken. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion.
Haiti was colonized by the Kingdom of France in the 17th century, and named Saint-Domingue. Haiti was the richest colony in the Caribbean due to its sugar plantations. By the 1790s, most of the population was African slaves.
In the 1790s, the Haitian Revolution broke out, influenced by the French Revolution, and led by Toussaint L'Ouverture. The revolution was successful and a democratic government was established, but thousands of people were killed and France imposed heavy debts on Haiti in return for independence.
Haiti suffered a long series of brutal dictatorships and corrupt government through the 19th and 20th centuries. In 2010, a massive earthquake struck near Port-au-Prince, killing hundreds of thousands of people.