New York, often abbreviated to NYC, is a major city located on the East Coast of the United States, at the confluence of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean in the state of New York. It is the largest city in the United States, with a population of 8.7 million people. The New York metropolitan area has a population in excess of 19 million people and includes cities in New Jersey and Connecticut in addition to New York state.
New York is the financial center of the United States and the world. It is home to the New York Stock Exchange, the largest stock exchange in the world, and many other financial institutions, many of them on Wall Street. Many universities are located in the city, including Columbia University, New York University, and the City University of New York. The New York Subway is one of the most extensive in the world, and one of the few to run 24 hours a day. The New York Police Department has more uniformed officers than any other police department in the United States, as has become a national policing force with branch offices across the country.
Founded as New Amsterdam by Dutch settlers, it was given to England and renamed New York to honor the Duke of York. It served as the capital of the United States prior to the Continental Congress being moved to Philadelphia and, ultimately, Washington, D.C. New York served as an entry point for immigrants during the 19th century, many of whom settled within the city. To this day, the city houses hundreds of nationalities and ethnicities, and has a strong immigrant community. New York City is an alpha plus world city and a symbol of the United States.
New York is divided into 5 boroughs: Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island. Brooklyn and Queens are located at the western end of Long Island, Manhattan and Staten Island are their own islands, and The Bronx is on the mainland. Brooklyn is the most populous borough, with more than 2.5 million people, and Queens is the largest borough by area. Queens borders Nassau County and The Bronx borders Westchester County.