Quebec (French: Québec) is a province in eastern Canada. It is the largest province and the second largest territorial unit, after Nunavut. Quebec is the only Canadian province or territory where French-speakers make up a majority. French is the sole official language of Quebec, due to its history of French colonial settlement and rule. It retained these Francophone cultural traditions despite being handed over to the British in 1763. The provincial government of Quebec constantly seeks new ways to preserve their French heritage, seen as overwhelmed by English-speaking influences. Today, Quebec's economy is the second largest in Canada, after Ontario's. It is based mostly on high-tech industry such as aerospace, pharmaceuticals and engineering, in addition to a robust service sector. Quebec has a population of 8 million, making it the second most populous province or territory. The capital is Quebec City , while the largest city is Montreal .