Switzerland is a small, landlocked nation in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is famous for its traditions of direct democracy and neutrality. Four languages are spoken in Switzerland: French, German, Italian, and Romansh.


The Swiss nation was formed in the Middle Ages. During this time, Swiss mercenaries were famous throughout Europe. Switzerland was a hotbed of religious dissent in the Protestant Reformation; it took to the teachings of Jean Calvin relatively early.

Switzerland participated in the Napoleonic Wars, its last war. They fought against France. Since then, Switzerland has pursued a policy of neutrality, staying out of both World War I and World War II. Switzerland has stayed out of the European Union and only recently joined the United Nations.


Switzerland is bordered to the south by the Alps and to the north by the Jura Mountains. In between, there is a fertile valley, where most Swiss people live. Lake Geneva in the west forms part of the border with France. The tallest mountain in Switzerland is Monte Rosa.

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