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Zionism is the political and cultural movement to restore the Jewish homeland of Zion (Israel) to the Jewish people, which was the biblical "Promised Land". Zionism grew as an international movement in the late 1800s, and the Hebrew language was revived as a common language for the Jewish people. Zionism helped found the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in the USSR during the 1930s. The most significant step for Zionists came in 1948 with the creation of the State of Israel from the British Mandate of Palestine. Zionism remains a controversial topic today, with many people avoiding use of the word due to its political connotation (it was often used by Adolf Hitler in anti-Semitic speeches). Today, the Zionist movement can be largely deemed a success. Israel exists as a sovereign nation, though there has been a protracted conflict between it and Arab nations surrounding it. Despite conflicts, the Hebrew language is now fully revitalized and millions of people, mostly Jews from around the world, have immigrated into Israel.

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